Annapurna is a massif in the Himalayas in central north of Nepal which includes one mountain of more than eight thousand metres (26 thousand ft), 13 peaks of more than seven thousand metres (23,000 ft) and 16 more of six thousand metres (20,000 ft).
The 55 km long massif is bounded to the west by the Kali Gandaki Gorge, to the North and East by the Marshyangdi River and to the South by the Pokhara Valley. On the west side of the range, a high basin called the Annapurna shrine is enclosed.
At 8.091 metres above sea level, the highest peak in the massif is Annapurna I Key and is the 10th highest mountain in the country. In 1950 Maurice Herzog led a French expedition to his north face summit making him the first 8,000 m high to be conquered on the first attempt. the eight thousand.
Within the 7.629 square kilometres of the Annapurna Conservation Area, the first and most comprehensive conservation area in Nepal, much of the massif and surrounding area is protected. Several world class walks are provided in the Annapurna Protected Area including Sanctuary of Annapurna and Circuit of Annapurna.
The Annapurna peaks have traditionally been one of the worn-out mountains in the world and were one of the most challenging climbs in the world because of their very steep south facing, the Annapurna I Major-a rock wall that rises at a height of 3.000 m (9.800 feet). By March 2012, the Annapurna I Key had been climbing to a height of 191 and the mountain had suffered 61 deaths. That is the largest ratio of the age of eight thousand (1:3,1 or 32 percent).
As a result of snowstorms and avalanches on and near Annapurna in October 2014 at least 43 people were killed, resulting in the worst trekking tragedy ever in Nepal. On January 17, 2020, a lake exacerbated by heavy snowfall was the most recent study on a human tragedy.
The mountain is named after the Hindu deity Annapurna, who is believed to dwell in. The name “Anapurna” derives from the words purna (“filled”) and anna (“bread,” in the Sanskrit language) and can be translated as “eternal bread” Various rivers flowing down from the Annapurna mountain ranges provide water for the fertile lands and pastures in low altitudes.
Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal (including Lionel Terray, Gaston Rébuffat, Marcel Ichac, John Couzy, Marcel Schatz, Jacques Oudot and Francis de Noyelle, of the French expedition of Annapurna I) reached the summit on 3 June 1950. Ichac made an Expedition documentary named Victoire sur l’Anapurna.
On 3 June 1950 Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal became the first 8 000 metres (26,200 ft) to be climbed. It was the highest summit of three years before the first successful Mount Everest climb was already accomplished, while higher non-summit points were already reached in the Everest in the 1920s – at least 8,500 m (27,900 ft)).
In 1970, Don Whillans and Dougal Haston were the first to ascend the South face of the town even without the use of additional oxygen. They were part of Chris Bonington ‘s British expedition which included Ian Clough, a mount who had been killed during the descent with a falling Seraq. However, they were targeted by a British army expedition commanded by Colonel Henry Day on the second ascent of Annapurna for a few days.
1978 saw the first US team to climb Anapurna I in the American Women’s Himalayan Expedition headed by Arlene Blum. On 15 October 1978, the first summit squad, consisting of Vera Komarkova, Irene Miller, and Sherpas Mingma Tsering and Chewang Ringjing, came to the top at 15:30. Alison Chadwick-Onyszkiewicz and Vera Watson, the second summit squad died in this ascent.
A new road on Anapurna I central (8051 metres) was set in 1981 by the Polish expedition Zakopane Alpine Club. The summit was reached on 23 May 1981 by Maciej Berbeka and Bogusław Probulski. The Zakopiańczyków Route was recognised in the Himalayans as the best accomplishment of the 1981 season.
The first winter ascent of Anpurna I took place on 3 February 1987 by Polish climbers Jerzy Kukuczka and Artur Hajzer.
In October 2007 Slovenian climber Tomaž Humar made the first solo ascent from the south, then climbed to the Roc Noir and later to the east Annapurna (8.047 m)
Ueli Steck, a Swiss climber, took a 28-hour ride from Base Camp to summit and back on the highest section of the route on the main and upper side of the mountain. This was his third attempt on the trail and he was regarded as “one of the most spectacular Himals climbs in history.”
Anapurna I is the highest death toll of the 14 8 000: 52 fatalities in climbing, 191 successful ascent and 9 fatalities in the descent as of March 2012. In AnpurnaI 29 for K2 and 21 for Nanga Parbat, the ratio is 34 deaths per 100 healthy returns. The British, Ian Clough, who had been killed on the peak in 1970 and Alex MacIntiere, who was killed in 1982; Frenchman, Pierre Béghin, who was killed in 1992, Kazakh Russian, Anatoli Bukreev, who was killed in 1997; Spain, Iñaki Ochoa, who was killed in 2008.
The first German expedition led by Günther Hauser on the East Ridge scaled Gangapurna on May 6, 1965. There were eleven attendees from the summit team.
In 1964 a first Japanese expedition, over the North Peak, went to Annapurna South, or Annapurna Dakshin, or Moditse. S. was the summit team. Tsering and Uyeo and Mingma.
Hiunchuli is a satellite peak from south Annapurna, the first expedition in 1971 led by Hiunchuli was led by the United States. Craig Anderson, Peace Corps Volunteer.
Trekking of annapurna
A well known trekking zone is the Anapurna Protected Area of 7.629 sq km. In the Annapurna area there are three main trekking paths: the Jomson Trek to Jomsom and Muktinath; the Annapurna Sanctuary road to Annapurna Base Camp; and the Annapurna circuit, rounding the Annapurna Himal itself, which includes a Jomsom track. The track also has two major tracks. The town of Pokhara is generally used as a point of departure for these excursions and also as a starting point for other short one- to four-day tours, such as Ghorepani or Ghandruk.
The district of Mustang, an early Tibetan empire, is geographically part of Annapurna, but it is subject to special restrictions on treks to the Upper Mustang. The development of the roads that are carried out by the Nepali government in the area makes Mustang also increasingly popular for mountain biking.
Around 2/3 of all Nepalese trekkers visit the Annapurna district. The region is easily available, the guest houses in the hills are numerous, and treks provide a range of landscapes, both high mountains and lowlands. Trekking in the field also provides rare cultural visibility and knowledge, since the whole area is populated. Trekkers must obtain from the Immigration Office of Nepal a special permit for trekking with a permit normally valid for a duration of ten days.
2014 trekking disaster
In October 2014, a minimum of 43 people were killed and about 175 injured, including trekkers from Nepal, Israel, Canada , India, Slovakia and Poland as a result of snow-storms and avalanches in and around Annapurna. There is believed to be between 10 and 50 missing persons. Some 100 trekkers had left a guesthouse at 4,800 metres, and then went down to the top of Thorong La Pass.
The authorities have been criticised for not providing adequate warning about the poor weather. Any 289 individuals were confirmed to be rescued by 18 October. On 18 October, the official of the Nepal Ministry of Tourism said that helicopters are searching up to 5,790 m (19,000 ft) for survivors in snowy areas, seeking to meet 22 people in Thorong La. The case was recorded as the worst trekking tragedy in Nepal ever.